March 16, 2016

PV-10 at AACR 2016: T cell mediated immunity after combination therapy with intralesional PV-10

Presentation Title: T cell mediated immunity after combination therapy with intralesional PV-10 and co-inhibitory blockade in a melanoma model

Author Block: Amy M. Weber, Hao Liu, Krithika N. Kodumudi, Amod A. Sarnaik, Shari Pilon-Thomas. H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL

PV-10 is a 10% solution of Rose Bengal, a xanthene dye that was originally developed for ophthalmic use and later used in liver function studies. PV-10 was formulated for intralesional (IL) injection and is currently being investigated as a novel cancer therapeutic. In murine studies, we have previously shown that intralesional (IL) injection of PV-10 leads to a regression of both injected tumors and untreated bystander tumors. We have also shown that combination therapy of IL PV-10 with blockade of PD-1 and PDL-1 leads to increased anti-tumor immunity. In this study, we have examined the role played by specific immune cell populations in eliciting this response in a murine melanoma model. We first investigated the antigen specificity of CD8+ T cells in the spleens of mice treated with the combination therapy of IL PV-10 and systemic co-inhibitory blockade. We found that splenocytes from mice treated with the combination of IL PV-10 and anti PD-1 antibody have an increased mean percentage of OVA antigen-specific CD8+ T cells (5.77%) compared to single treatment with anti PD-1 antibody (3.8%) or IL PV-10 (3.60%) alone in OVA-expressing B16 tumor bearing mice. To investigate the role of T cell subsets in mediating an immune response, OVA-expressing B16 tumor bearing mice were treated with IL PV-10 followed by intraperitoneal injection of anti-PD-1 antibody. In addition, mice were given either 2.43 antibody to deplete CD8+ T cells, GK1.5 antibody to deplete CD4+ T cells, or PC61 to deplete regulatory T cells (Tregs). We found that depletion of CD4+ T cells in combination with IL PV-10 and anti-PD-1 antibody treatment resulted in an enhanced anti-tumor effect, with an average tumor size of 52.8 mm2 on day 25 compared to the control group (173.7 mm2), and depletion of Tregs resulted in an even greater anti-tumor effect, with an average tumor size of 1.2 mm2 on day 25 (p<0.05). In contrast, mice treated with the CD8+ depleting antibody exhibited diminished anti-tumor immunity compared to the control group, with an average tumor size of 200 mm2 on day 25. Together, these studies indicate that the effect of combination therapy with IL PV-10 and co-inhibitory blockade is mediated by CD8+ T cells, and that depletion of both CD4+ T cells and CD25+ Tregs significantly enhances anti-tumor immunity in a melanoma model.
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